Did you hear about the Chinese fortune cookie that predicted a successful freight transport to Nigeria? Pretty unbelievable, right? But as far as making that prediction a reality, the complexities of understanding freight rates, transit times, and customs regulations can stifle even the most seasoned businesses.

This guide aims to simplify every aspect you need to understand about transporting goods from China to Nigeria. It will provide you with shipping options - be it air, sea, road, or rail, explain the nuances of customs clearance, inform you of duties and taxes involved, and furnish tailored advice suiting your business.

If the process still feels overwhelming, let DocShipper handle it for you! As an international freight forwarder, we ensure that every logistical challenge is turned into a successful outcome for your shipping needs.

Which are the different modes of transportation between China and Nigeria?

Determining the ideal transport method between China and Nigeria is like solving a giant puzzle! Factors like the enormity of distance and the impediment of international borders shape our options. Think about this as a challenging hike across rugged mountains versus a long, slow boat trip.

The right choice lies in aligning with your unique needs and the specific challenges of the route. Is cost more crucial than time? Are your shipments bulky or light? Delve deeper into practical options like air and sea freight to help guide this key decision.

How can DocShipper help?

Struggling with shipping goods between China and Nigeria? Let DocShipper take the wheel! Our tailor-made solutions cover everything from transport to customs clearance. We'll make your shipping journey smooth and effortless. Have a question? Talk to our consultants today. Request a free estimate and you'll get a response within 24 hours!


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Sea freight between China and Nigeria

When you think of the bustling economy of China and the vibrant markets of Nigeria, understand that the heart of their trade relationship pulses through the depth of the ocean, connected by the veins of cargo ports like Shanghai and Lagos.

Ocean freight, while relatively slow, offers a cost-effective lifeline for shipping high-volume goods between these countries. However, like steering a galleon through stormy seas, mistakes can rock your shipping journey, causing costly and time-consuming issues.

But don't worry, we're your trusty crew, equipped with the right skills to help you weather any squall. Through our comprehensive guide, we'll reveal how to master shipping protocols and customs clearance, making the process smooth sailing.

Think of it like a treasure map, pointing you towards golden best practices and handy specifications. By the end of this section, you'll be navigating ocean shipping from China to Nigeria like an old sea dog. So, climb aboard, your trading adventures between these industrial powerhouses await!

Main shipping ports in China

Port of Shanghai

Location and Volume: During the first four months of 2023, the Port of Shanghai, which is located in Shanghai on China's east coast, became the busiest harbor in the world. It performed exceptionally well, effectively handling an astounding 47.3 million TEUs of container cargo.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Serving main trading partners like the United States, Europe, and East Asia, it holds strategic importance as the busiest port in the world.

Context for Businesses: If you're targeting the vibrant East China markets or establishing cross-border eCommerce, the Port of Shanghai, with its superb transport links and modern infrastructures, can significantly streamline your logistics.

Ningbo-Zhoushan Port

Location and Volume: Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, located in the Chinese province of Zhejiang, performed remarkably well in 2022. It handled 15 million TEUs of container cargo, which was 7.3% more than the previous year.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: As China’s top port for cargo throughput, it interacts with diverse trading partners worldwide while serving as the main hub for iron ore imports.

Context for Businesses: If raw materials imports form a major part of your business, the Port of Ningbo-Zhoushan with its dedicated terminals for bulk commodities is an optimal choice.

Port of Shenzhen

Location and Volume: The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area's Shenzhen Port handles an astounding 13.5 million TEUs per year with 5% of growth each year.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Shenzhen Port connects China with key trading hubs across Southeast Asia, Europe, and America while acting as a primary gateway for the Pearl River Delta’s foreign trade.

Context for Businesses: If you're planning to penetrate South/East Asian markets, then the Port of Shenzhen should be a vital part of your logistics, given its outstanding efficiency and connections.

Port of Guangzhou

Location and Volume: The Port of Guangzhou, which handles 25.5 million TEUs in 2022, is the fifth busiest container port in the world and is situated in the center of the Pearl River Delta

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Serving over 300 international ports in over 80 countries, the Port of Guangzhou is instrumental to Guangdong's booming foreign trade sector.

Context for Businesses: If you're considering reaching out to the vigorous Pearl River Delta area, the Port of Guangzhou, with its extensive services and state-of-the-art facilities, could bolster your shipping strategy.

Port of Qingdao

Location and Volume: Shandong's Qingdao Port saw tremendous expansion in 2022. 13.1% more TEUs of containers were handled there than the previous year, totaling 18.5 million.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Specifically focusing on America, East Asia, and Europe, this port also captures strategic importance as China's key port for sulphur and rubber imports.

Context for Businesses: If your business heavily invests in textiles or tyre manufacturing, incorporating the Port of Qingdao in your supply chain could be beneficial, given its unique advantages.

Port of Tianjin

Location and Volume: Beijing's key maritime entryway is the Port of Tianjin, which is proudly located as the region's largest port and the leading maritime hub in Northern China. This port, which is notable for its state-of-the-art infrastructure and state-of-the-art facilities, is a testament to technological advancement and handles an exceptional volume of shipping volume exceeding 16 million TEU annually, highlighting its crucial role in the global trade landscape.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Tianjin Port runs services to over 180 countries, seamlessly integrating Tianjin into the global maritime network. It is the foremost port for the giant metropolises of Beijing and Tianjin.

Context for Businesses: If your business involves robust industrial and mineral provinces or expanding to North and Central Asian markets, the Port of Tianjin’s strategic location and comprehensive services may prove pivotal.

Main shipping ports in Nigeria

Apapa Port

Location and Volume: Located in Lagos, this port is a gateway to many West African countries, with a shipping volume of approximately 1 million TEUs annually.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Apapa Port is strategically important in the import and export of goods with Europe, Asia, and America, and it's a significant player in Nigeria's oil sector exports.

Context for Businesses: If you're looking to tap into the West African market, Apapa Port’s vast network and high shipping volume could be an integral part of your international shipping strategy.

Tin Can Island Port

Location and Volume:  This port is also situated in Lagos and sits second only to Apapa in Nigeria in terms of volume, with an annual throughput of about 800,000 TEUs.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Tin Can Island Port is critical for Nigeria's trade relationships, especially with European and Asian nations, and it's predominantly involved in oil and agricultural goods.

Context for Businesses: For businesses aiming to enter the Nigerian market, particularly in the petroleum sector, Tin Can Island Port provides formidable access and opportunities.

Calabar Port

Location and Volume: Located in the South-Eastern part of Nigeria, Calabar Port mainly accommodates smaller vessels due to its shallower waters, handling around 100,000 TEUs annually.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Despite its relatively smaller size, Calabar Port remains a key player with African and European trade dealings, specifically in natural resources.

Context for Businesses: If you're looking to connect with smaller local markets and can work with smaller-sized shipments, Calabar Port may offer profitable networking opportunities.

Delta Port

Location and Volume: Set in the Southern part of Nigeria, Delta Port handles a moderate volume of about 300,000 TEUs per year.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: It has notable engagements with European partners, mainly dealing in petroleum, metal ores, and agricultural products.

Context for Businesses: For businesses considering venturing into the Nigerian oil or agriculture industry, Delta Port may be a good launching point for operations.

Rivers Port

Location and Volume: Nestled in the heart of the city of Port Harcourt, Rivers Port has an annual handling of around 400,000 TEUs.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Rivers Port is known for its strong connections with Asian and American economies, primarily dealing in petroleum, agriculture, and manufacturing products.

Context for Businesses: Firms looking to connect to urban centers, especially those dealing with manufacturing goods, might find Rivers Port an optimal point for distribution.

Onne Port

Location and Volume: Located in the Southern area of Nigeria, Onne Port is focused mostly on oil and gas freights, handling over 600,000 TEUs per year.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Its trade network extensively covers Europe, making it a vital contributor to Nigeria's oil sector.

Context for Businesses: If you're planning to penetrate the oil and gas industry in Europe, Onne Port could form a critical link in your logistics chain due to its significant oil exports.

Unlock hassle-free shipping

Choosing between consolidation and a full container isn't always clear-cut. Let DocShipper, renowned for turning complex shipping processes into a breeze for businesses, guide you. Our ocean freight experts consider factors like volume, time sensitivity, and cost to recommend the most fitting option. You'll have peace of mind, knowing your goods are handled with expertise! Contact us today for a free, no-obligation estimate and experience hassle-free shipping from China to Nigeria.


How long does sea freight take between China and Nigeria?

Sea freight from China to Nigeria typically takes an average of around 30 to 40 days. As you plan your shipment, bear in mind that actual transit times can vary based on several factors. These include the specific ports of origin and arrival, the weight of the shipment, and the type of goods being transported.

For a precise quote tailored to your specific shipment, we recommend consulting with a freight forwarder like DocShipper.

Here's a table indicating sea freight transit times between China and Nigeria:

China Ports Nigeria Ports Transit Time (Days)
Shanghai Lagos 35-40
Ningbo Port Harcourt 30-35
Shenzhen Warri 25-30
Guangzhou Calabar 20-25

*Please note that these are approximate times and may vary based on the factors mentioned above. For detailed information, it’s best to contact a professional freight forwarding service.

How much does it cost to ship a container between China and Nigeria?

Shipping a container between China and Nigeria? Ocean freight rates can vary greatly, with shipping costs per CBM spanning a broad range. This is because elements like the Point of Loading, Point of Destination, the carrier chosen, the nature of the goods, and the fickle nature of monthly market fluctuations all play crucial roles.

Although we can't give you an exact figure here, fear not! Our team of seasoned shipping specialists is ready to work hand-in-hand with you, providing competitive, bespoke quotes tailored to your unique shipping needs. Trust us to navigate these waters with you, securing the best rates for your business.

Special transportation services

Out of Gauge (OOG) Container

Definition: OOG containers are designed for cargo that exceeds standard container dimensions, also known as 'Out of Gauge cargo'.
Suitable for: Items too large to fit in standard containers such as heavy machinery, industrial equipment, and large vehicles.
Examples: Farmers shipping large tractors, construction companies shipping cranes or businesses shipping large wind turbines from China to Nigeria.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If your cargo is oversized but needs the security of container shipping, an OOG container could be the optimal solution.

Break Bulk

Definition: Break bulk is a shipping method where goods are loaded individually rather than in containers. It's typically used when cargo is too big or too heavy to fit into conventional containers.
Suitable for: Large equipment, timber, steel or other big items that can't be broken apart.
Examples: A company shipping individual parts of a steel bridge, wooden logs for construction, or construction machinery.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If your cargo is too bulky or heavy for standard containers, break bulk shipping could be your best bet.

Dry Bulk

Definition: Dry bulk relates to cargo that is shipped in large quantities and unpackaged. It's often referred to as 'loose cargo load' since the goods are loaded directly into the ship's hold.
Suitable for: Commodities like grain, coal, cement, ores, or minerals.
Examples: A Nigerian importer bringing in wheat or barley from China for local bread production.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If you're dealing with large quantities of loose, dry commodities, dry bulk shipping is the ideal choice.

Roll-on/Roll-off (Ro-Ro)

Definition: Roll-on/Roll-off shipping (often referred to as ro-ro) uses vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo like cars, trucks, and trailers that are driven on and off the ro-ro vessel.
Suitable for: Any types of wheeled and drivable machinery or vehicles.
Examples: Automakers shipping cars, motorbikes, or an agricultural business shipping tractors.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If your goods are mobile and robust enough to be driven, Ro-Ro offers a straightforward solution with minimal handling required.

Reefer Containers

Definition: Reefer containers are refrigerated containers used for goods that need to be at a certain temperature during transport.
Suitable for: Perishables like dairy products, fresh or frozen foods, pharmaceuticals.
Examples: A seafood exporter shipping frozen fish from China to Nigeria, or a pharmaceutical company shipping temperature-sensitive medicines.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If your cargo requires specific temperature control during shipping, a reefer container is the best solution.

Should you require further clarification or if you're ready to get your goods moving, don't hesitate to connect with DocShipper. Our team is ready to provide you with a free shipping quote within 24 hours to help facilitate your sea freight needs between China and Nigeria.

air-freight shipping from China

Air freight from China mobile

Air freight between China and Nigeria

Choosing air freight as your shipping mode from China to Nigeria? Good choice for a fast, reliable, and cost-effective solution - particularly if your shipment is small and of high value. Imagine you're an electronics retailer shipping the latest smartphone, or a jewelry shop with precious gemstones to deliver - that's where air freight shows its worth. Speedy delivery and safe handling can outweigh the often higher shipping fees.

But here's the kicker - many shippers trip over the details. Pricing your goods without using the correct weight formula can be like pouring money down the drain. And with so many best practices to learn, the air freight journey can get as turbulent as a plane in a storm. Stay tuned as we guide you around the unexpected turbulence to a clear (and cost-effective) flight path.

Air Cargo vs Express Air Freight: How should I ship?

Baffled about whether to use air cargo or express air freight for your China-Nigeria shipments? Let's simplify it; if it's your weekly supply of gadgets, an airline's air cargo might tickle your fancy. But, when your fashion company needs that urgent delivery of fabrics, dedicating a plane using express air freight becomes the fast-track remedy.

In this section, we’ll help you understand these options in detail, ensuring your goods reach their destination efficiently every time.

Should I choose Air Cargo between China and Nigeria?

Choosing air cargo for your freight between China and Nigeria can strike an ideal balance between cost-effectiveness and reliability. Major players providing this service include China Southern Airlines and Arik Air. Notable for their widespread network, these carriers ensure your consignments reach on time despite fixed schedules that can result in longer transit times.

It's noteworthy that air freight becomes a more attractive option when your cargo weighs between 100 and 150kg (220 and 330 lbs). Let this guide help in aligning the best freight choice with your budgetary requirements and business needs.

top global air freight companies

Should I choose Express Air Freight between China and Nigeria?

Express Air Freight is a dedicated service using cargo-only aircraft—no passengers allowed. This is an ideal option if your shipment is under 1 CBM or within the 100/150 kg (220/330 lbs) range. What’s the advantage? Speed.

Your business gets the fastest possible delivery between China and Nigeria. Top-tier international couriers offer this service, including FedEx, UPS, and DHL. Consider Express Air Freight if timely delivery is crucial to meet your business goals.

Top global courier companies

How long does air freight take between China and Nigeria?

On average, air freight shipping between China and Nigeria takes approximately 6 to 10 days. However, bear in mind that the exact transit time can fluctuate. Such variations are subject to factors such as the specific airports involved, the weight of your shipment, and the nature of the goods you're transporting.

For the most accurate and tailored estimates, it would be wise to consult with a freight forwarder, such as DocShipper, who can consider all these variables and more.

What is the difference between volumetric and gross weight?

Gross weight refers to the actual weight of your shipment, a straightforward measure of kilograms (or lbs) on a scale. On the other hand, Volumetric weight, also called dimensional weight, considers the space the package occupies in relation to its weight, key for air freight efficiency since planes have weight and space constraints.

Calculating the gross weight in Air cargo and Express Air Freight is a simple weighing process - you put your shipment on a scale and that's it. Assuming our hypothetical box weighs 30 kg, this translates into 66.14 lbs.

Now let's turn to volumetric weight. The formula varies slightly between Air cargo (LxWxH/6000) and Express Air freight (LxWxH/5000), where L, W, and H are length, width, and height in centimeters. Suppose the same 30kg box measures 50cm x 40cm x 30cm. In Air cargo, it's 50x40x30/6000 = 10 kg (22.05 lbs), in Express Air Freight, it's 50x40x30/5000 = 12 kg (26.46 lbs).

Why does this matter? Freight carriers charge you based on the higher weight between gross and volumetric weight. This ensures they optimize their cargo space and makes it profitable to transport lighter but larger items. So, knowing these calculations helps avoid unnecessary costs.

Door to door freight from China

Door to door transport from China

Door to door between China and Nigeria

Navigating the international shipping maze? Door-to-door freight could be your best ally, especially when shipping from China to Nigeria. It's as straightforward as it sounds: your shipment is taken from the origin and delivered straight to the destination, no associated hassles. Envisage the simplified logistics, reduced paperwork, and convenience - it's a major game-changer. So why wait? Let's dive in.

Overview – Door to Door

Shipping from China to Nigeria has its complexities, but choosing the door to door service could turn things around for you. With this solution, you get a stress-free experience, taking care of everything from pickup to delivery, handling procedures in-between, just like it does for many of DocShipper's clients.

However, be aware of potential higher costs in return for ease and peace of mind. It's like a personal shipping assistant looking after your goods. The challenges of international logistics seem less daunting when you've got the door to door service on your team!

Why should I use a Door to Door service between China and Nigeria?

Who wouldn't want the VIP treatment when shipping goods from China to Nigeria? You know, the kind that makes your cargo feel like it's cruising in first class? That's exactly what Door to Door service is all about! Here are five solid reasons why you should consider this top-notch conveyor of comfort for your next shipment.

  1. Wave Goodbye to Stress: With Door to Door service, the pickup and delivery of your goods are handled like a fine symphony. No need to fret over scheduling trucks or coordinating with multiple service providers, it's all skillfully orchestrated for you.
  2. Timely Delivery for the 'Need-it-Now' Moments: Got urgent shipments that can't afford to play 'hit and miss'? When every minute counts, Door to Door service offers a seamless, efficient transit from the manufacturer's doorstep in China to the customer's step in Nigeria.
  3. Roll Out the Red Carpet for Complex Cargo: From oversized machinery to sensitive electronics, complex cargo gets the specialized care it deserves. Wrap it, palletize it, containerize it—you name it, Door to Door service tailors the journey to the cargo's unique needs.
  4. No More Paper Chase: Think global shipping, think paperwork, right? Well, with Door to Door service, all customs procedures and administrative tasks are taken care of. So goodbye late-night paper-shuffling, hello peaceful sleep!
  5. End-to-End Tracking for Your Peace of Mind: From loading dock to the final destination, rest easy knowing your shipment's location and status every step of its journey. Because when it comes to your valuable goods, you've got a right to know!

So, why not give Door to Door service a whirl for your next shipment from China to Nigeria? There's nothing like watching your goods travel in style while you kick back and relax.

DocShipper – Door to Door specialist between China and Nigeria

Effortlessly move goods between China and Nigeria with DocShipper's comprehensive door-to-door service. Our proficiency in global logistics ensures each step, including packing, transport, and customs, is overseen by skilled professionals.

A dedicated Account Executive will handle all your concerns, offering tailored solutions. No stress, no hassle – just swift and efficient shipping designed for your convenience. Get a free quote in less than 24 hours or engage instantly with our expert consultants. Your international shipping needs just got easier!

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customs clearance services

Customs clearance in Nigeria for goods imported from China

Shipping goods from China to Nigeria involves navigating the maze of customs clearing, a complex procedure that clears goods through customs barriers for importers. Understanding it is crucial to dodge potential pitfalls like surprise charges.

Missteps could mean your goods stuck in customs, costly delays, and even unexpected tariffs. The process requires a deep grasp of customs duties, taxes, quotas, and licenses. Don't worry, we'll delve deeper into these areas in the following sections.

Fortunately, DocShipper can help streamline this process for all kinds of goods worldwide. Ready to budget your project? Contact our team with your goods' origin, value, and HS Code. These crucial details will pave the way for an accurate estimate, bringing us a step closer to accomplishing your shipping goals.

How to calculate duties & taxes when importing from China to Nigeria?

Without a doubt, estimating duties and taxes when importing goods can seem like a daunting task. But, let's break it down a bit. Essentially, there are a few key parameters you'll need to get your hands on. They are the country of origin - that's where the goods were manufactured or produced, the HS Code - this is the Harmonized System Code that broadly categorizes your product for the purpose of customs duty, and the Customs Value - which is the total value of all the goods included in the shipment.

Next, you'll need to know the Applicable Tariff Rate, and finally, any additional taxes and fees that might apply to your particular products.

The first step in the process is identifying the country where the goods were produced. For the purpose of our guide, let's say that's China. This step is crucial as it sets the stage for your overall calculation. Once you know where your goods came from, you can then move on to understanding how other factors like the HS Code and Customs Value come into play in calculating your import costs.

Step 1 - Identify the Country of Origin

First, you may be asking - why is identifying the country of origin so crucial? Here we go.

  1. Trade Agreements: China-Nigeria bilateral trade agreements can sway import duties, making your shipment cheaper or more costly.
  2. Import Restrictions: Depending on the origin, certain goods may face additional barriers or relaxed norms.
  3. Duty Determination: Essential for resolving the specific duty rates that will apply to your shipment.
  4. Anti-Dumping Measures: Origin identification helps you stay on the right side of anti-dumping laws.
  5. Compliance: The correct country of origin prevents fines and ensures you adhere to both domestic and international trade regulations.

Don't forget, China and Nigeria have several trade agreements in place. For instance, the Bilateral Trade Agreement of 2001, aimed at boosting economic cooperation, could affect your import duties. The specifics, however, depend on your exact product and its classification under the Harmonized System (HS) code.

Additionally, Nigeria has distinct import restrictions. For example, poultry and pork imports face tighter restrictions, while steel and textile goods see relaxed measures. So, it's best to explore these implications fully before you start your freight journey. Following these guidelines gives you an edge in navigating your shipping process smoothly.

Step 2 - Find the HS Code of your product

The Harmonized System Code, or HS Code, is a standardized system of names and numbers for classifying traded products. Introduced by the World Customs Organization, it is internationally recognized and used by customs authorities worldwide for tax assessment and data collection.

When you're trying to figure out the HS Code of your product, one of the easiest ways is to ask your supplier. Since they are well-acquainted with the products they import and the related regulations, they should be able to provide you with this information.

In situations where asking the supplier isn't an option, you can find the HS Code yourself. We're going to help you through this process step by step:

  1. Start your search by using an HS lookup tool like the Harmonized Tariff Schedule.
  2. Input the name of your product into the search bar.
  3. Finally, glance through the Heading/Subheading column to locate your product's HS code.

Bear in mind, a word of caution! Accuracy is of utmost importance when determining the HS Code for your product. Incorrect or inaccurate codes can lead to shipment delays and even potential fines. Perfection in classification is paramount not just for ease in transportation but also for avoiding unnecessary legal and financial hassles.

Here's an infographic showing you how to read an HS code. Get familiar with this, as it will simplify the process of finding the right code and moving through customs with ease.

Here's an illustration to help you:

nigeria custom step 1


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Understanding the HS code

Step 3 - Calculate the Customs Value

Let’s say you're shipping stylish, high-quality office chairs from China to Nigeria. Your cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) aren't just about the chair’s price tag. Instead, the customs value – how much your goods are worth in customs’ eyes – hinges on the CIF value.

Think of it like this: you buy a chair for $50 (price of goods), pay $10 to ship it (cost of international shipping), and shell out $5 for insurance. Your CIF, and thereby your customs value, comes to $65. It’s essential to remember because this value is what the Nigeria Customs Service will apply duties on, not merely the purchase price.

Understanding this difference and calculating the customs value correctly can keep your shipment from getting stuck at the border and potentially save your business from unexpected costs.

Step 4 - Figure out the applicable Import Tariff

Import tariffs can be defined as taxes imposed on goods imported from foreign countries. In the context of Nigeria, it involves multiple Depending on the goods you're importing from China, Nigeria applies a Unified Tariff system. Here's how you can find the applicable tariff rate:

Firstly, you have to determine your product's Harmonized System code (HS code), a standard international system to classify traded products. Assume that you're importing bicycles from China, and the HS code is 871200.

Next, use the Nigerian Customs Service Tariff portal to input your HS code, discovering the import tariff for bicycles is 20%. You'll also have to account for Cost, Insurance, and Freight (CIF) values, which are part of the product's total landed cost. Let's say, the CIF for your imported bicycles is $10,000.

Given these details, here's how you calculate the import duty:

Import Duty = (Import Tariff/100) CIF. In our scenario: Import Duty = (20/100) 10,000 = $2,000.

Therefore, you would be expected to pay $2,000 in import duties for bicycles shipped from China to Nigeria. This is your key to navigating import tariffs and making informed decisions for your business.

Step 5 - Consider other Import Duties and Taxes

Importing goods into Nigeria from China isn't simply a case of paying the standard tariff rate, other import taxes and duties may apply.

Think of an 'excise duty' as a domestic tax that's applied to particular goods, such as cigarettes or alcohol. For example, if you're importing cigarettes worth $500 into Nigeria from China, the Nigerian government might levy an excise duty of 10%, amounting to $50.

Anti-dumping taxes can also be an additional cost if goods are sold in the Nigerian market for less than their normal value. Imagine this scenario, a Chinese company exports bicycles to Nigeria at a price significantly lower than the normal local price, causing material injury to Nigeria’s bicycle industry. To counter this, the Nigerian government may impose an anti-dumping tax.

Finally, the Value Added Tax (VAT), an indirect tax on the consumption of goods and services in the economy. This usually carries the greatest impact on the total import cost. Nigeria's current VAT rate is 7.5%. Thus, if your total import cost including all duties and taxes is $1000, the VAT charged would be $75.

Remember, these are hypothetical figures and the actual tax calculations can vary. You're advised to cross-check with latest regulations or consult a customs broker for accurate figures. Remember, every cent counts in business!

Step 6 - Calculate the Customs Duties

Importing goods from China to Nigeria might require you to calculate customs duties. The basic formula is quite simple: it's the sum of customs value, VAT, and possibly anti-dumping taxes.

Example one: If you import goods with a customs value of $10,000 and a duty of 20%, the customs duties would be $2,000.

Example two: Add VAT. Let's say the VAT is 5%. So, with the same $10,000 customs value and 20% duty, you'd have $2,500 as the total of customs duties and VAT.

Example three: Factor in anti-dumping taxes and Excise Duty. Suppose they're 10% and 5%, with a $10,000 customs value and 20% duty. The total cost would be $3,500.

We know this might sound complicated. Luckily, at DocShipper, we can take care of every step of your customs clearance anywhere in the world, ensuring that you won't get overcharged. So leave these calculations to us and focus on your business growth. For a free quote, contact us and you'll hear back from us in less than 24 hours.

Does DocShipper charge customs fees?

At DocShipper, we're your custom broker in China and Nigeria, but customs duties - paid directly to the government - don't come from us. We do charge for customs clearance services, though. This is a totally different fee. Think of it like paying a guide to lead you through a tricky mountain path. You'll receive official customs documents from us as proof that you paid only what the customs office charged. It's all about transparency. Because navigating customs shouldn't feel like scaling Everest, right?

Contact Details for Customs Authorities

Required documents for customs clearance

Ensuring your goods reach their destination hassle-free is crucial—wrong paperwork can lead to hold-ups at customs, costing money and time. This section demystifies critical documents like the Bill of Lading, Packing List, Certificate of Origin, and Documents of Conformity (CE standard) that keep your shipments moving smoothly.

Bill of Lading

If you're shipping goods between China and Nigeria, the Bill of Lading is your golden ticket. Acting as a proof of receipt, it's a legally binding document that signifies the change in ownership of commodities. It's crucial in customs clearance and ensuring secure movement of your goods.

In the digital age, most forwarders offer electronic or 'telex' release, which replaces the need for original paper documents - this might be perfect if you're in a time crunch! For air cargo, an Airway Bill (AWB) serves the same purpose.

Remember, whether you're sending porcelain vases or smartphone parts, meticulous handling of these documents can make or break your shipping experience!

Packing List

Navigating the shipping industry from China to Nigeria? The Packing List is an ally you can't afford to overlook. As a shipper, creating this document is in your court. Picture it as a detailed inventory of your consignment. It lays out what's in your shipment, the quantity, and the packaging used - a vital tool for both sea and air freight.

Here's why accuracy is non-negotiable: Imagine shipping a collection of porcelain vases to Lagos. Without a thorough Packing List, customs might hold up your shipment due to missing information leading to delays, additional costs, or worse, seizures.

So, before you secure your cargo in that container or on that pallet, ensure your Packing List is as detailed as your business depends on it - because, frankly, it does.

Commercial Invoice

The Commercial Invoice is an indispensable part of customs clearance when ferrying goods from China to Nigeria. It shouldn't just be a receipt, but a detailed representation of your goods. It includes specifics like the total quantity, weight, description, and price of goods, all written out in English.

Chinese customs authorities don't skimp on precision, hence, it must match perfectly with the actual goods and other documents like the Bill of Lading. Mistakes can mean delays, additional costs, or even seizure of the goods by customs. Remember, the invoice also determines the customs duties you'll pay.

Triple-checking it for accuracy could save your business both time and money. Don't underestimate this straightforward piece of paper - get your Commercial Invoice right, and you're already halfway through your customs journey.

Certificate of Origin

Navigating customs between China and Nigeria? A well-prepared Certificate of Origin (CoO) can be your ace. This document bears the testimony of your shipped product's birthplace, which, believe it or not, can considerably decrease your customs duty—thanks to preferential rates for certain countries.

For example, if you're exporting machinery from China, stamping the CoO with Made in China could make your transactions significantly smoother and cost-effective. So next time, while managing your shipping documents, ensure the CoO rightly mentions the manufacturing country. It's not just a piece of paper but a gateway to advantageous customs benefits!

Get Started with DocShipper

Navigating the maze of customs clearance between China and Nigeria can be daunting. At DocShipper, we streamline this process, ensuring a stress-free experience. Backed by vast expertise, we handle every procedural step with competence and efficiency. Ready for a seamless shipping journey? Contact us today and receive a cost and obligation-free quote in under 24 hours. Let's transform your shipping experience!


Prohibited and Restricted items when importing into Nigeria

Thinking about shipping goods to Nigeria? It's crucial to know that some items are off-limits or need special permissions. Let's demystify these restrictions to help you dodge costly mishaps and ensure your freight sails smoothly through Nigerian customs.

Are there any trade agreements between China and Nigeria

There are two main trade agreements between China and Nigeria:

1. Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT)

Signed in 2001, the BIT provides a framework for the protection of investments between the two countries. It guarantees fair and equitable treatment for investors of each country in the territory of the other country, and it also establishes a mechanism for the settlement of investment disputes between investors and the host government.

2. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Economic and Technical Cooperation

Signed in 2004, the MoU outlines a number of areas for cooperation between the two countries, including trade, investment, infrastructure development, and technology transfer. It also establishes a framework for regular dialogue and information exchange between the two governments.

In addition to these formal agreements, China and Nigeria also engage in a variety of other trade and economic activities, including:

  • Bilateral trade: China is Nigeria's largest trading partner, and Nigeria is China's third largest trading partner in Africa. In 2021, bilateral trade between the two countries reached US$25.68 billion.

  • Investment: China is a major source of foreign investment in Nigeria, with investments in sectors such as oil and gas, mining, infrastructure, and manufacturing.

  • Infrastructure development: China has been involved in a number of infrastructure projects in Nigeria, including the construction of roads, railways, and power plants.

  • Technology transfer: China has also been involved in a number of technology transfer initiatives in Nigeria, aimed at helping the country develop its own technological capabilities.

These trade and economic activities have had a significant impact on both China and Nigeria. China has gained access to a large and growing market in Nigeria, while Nigeria has benefited from Chinese investment, technology transfer, and infrastructure development. The relationship between the two countries is expected to continue to grow in the years to come.

China - Nigeria trade and economic relationship

China and Nigeria share a robust trade and economic relationship, with China being Nigeria's largest trading partner, representing over 25% of its total trade. This partnership extends to significant Chinese investments in sectors like oil and gas, mining, infrastructure, and manufacturing.

Key Aspects:

  1. Bilateral Trade: Valued at US$25.68 billion in 2021, China exports machinery, electronics, textiles, and construction materials to Nigeria, while Nigeria primarily exports oil, gas, agricultural products, and minerals to China.
  2. Investment: Chinese investments in Nigeria exceed US$50 billion, covering sectors such as oil and gas, infrastructure, manufacturing, and telecommunications.
  3. Infrastructure Development: China has financed and constructed vital infrastructure projects in Nigeria, including roads, railways, power plants, and airports, contributing to economic growth.
  4. Technology Transfer: China supports technology transfer initiatives in Nigeria, fostering local technological capabilities through training, technology access, and joint ventures.


  1. Economic Growth: The relationship has spurred economic growth in both nations, providing China access to Nigeria's expanding market and offering Nigeria Chinese investment, technology, and infrastructure.
  2. Employment Opportunities: Chinese investments have generated employment in construction, manufacturing, and services for Nigerians.
  3. Infrastructure Development: China's involvement has enhanced Nigeria's transportation, energy, and communication infrastructure, boosting economic activities and living standards.
  4. Technology Advancement: Technology transfer from China has elevated Nigeria's technological capabilities, enhancing global competitiveness.


  1. Trade Imbalance: Nigeria's trade deficit with China raises concerns about overreliance on Chinese imports.
  2. Labor Practices: Some Chinese companies in Nigeria have faced concerns regarding worker safety and compensation.
  3. Environmental Impact: Certain Chinese-financed infrastructure projects have sparked environmental worries, prompting calls for more sustainable development practices.

Your Next Step with DocShipper

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