Do you want to import or export goods between China and Malaysia ? You don't really understand the laws that control the movement of goods in these countries, do you? It is quite natural that finding the information you need among the millions of online resources is like finding a needle in a haystack. Here is a country guide that DocShipper has provided for you! We consider all delivery options, which may be worth mentioning. Our shipping experts will assess your situation and give you advice on the shipping choice that best satisfies your needs.

 

The means of transportation between China and Malaysia

We'll think about the various options for moving goods in order to adopt an interesting perspective, after which we'll examine both maritimely and aviation shipping. We will only compare these two options because, given the distance between them, a round-trip flight isn't really feasible for an expedition between China and Malaysia. Likewise, we'll go over the crucial information in order to determine which solution best suits your needs and expectations to assist you in the most efficient manner possible.

 

A brief explanation of rail freight between Malaysia and China

Due to the nation's political issues, Malaysia has struggled with its railway system. However, this trend is changing now that China is helping to build new railways all throughout Malaysia. Therefore, perhaps the significance of this solution will emerge soon.

 

Sea freight from China to Malaysia

 

sea freight Shipping by boat from China or Malaysia

The most popular method of shipping goods is by sea, and the reason is obvious: it is the least expensive! In fact, it conducts roughly 17% of its trade with China, and a very clear majority of these exchanges are made by sea! China is Malaysia's second-most important trading partner after the various ASEAN nations, with which it ensures 27.1% of its trade.

 

Shipping by boat from China or Malaysia is a cost-effective option for transporting goods across the ocean. Sea freight is usually the most economical for larger shipments, and it also gives you the option of consolidating your goods with other shipments.

The transit time for sea freight from China to Malaysia is approximately 8-14 days, depending on the port of loading and the port of entry. When shipping via sea freight, it is important to consider the size of the cargo, the location of the supplier, the haste of the shipment, and the cost of the shipment.  Customs documents will be required when importing goods to Malaysia, and the Sales and Services Tax has replaced the GST since September 2018. A freight forwarder from China can help you determine the best shipping option for your goods.

 

The main seaports of China

port-of-ningbo

In fact, seven of China's ports rank among the top ten largest in the world thanks to their status as a major export icon. Let's look at them now.

The Port of Ningbo:

In 2019, this port handled more than 1.5 billion tons of containers . The port of Ningbo was founded in 2006 and is actually the result of the union of two already sizable Chinese ports (Ningbo and Zhoushan), making it the top port in the world in terms of the volume of materials handled.

Tianjin Port:Tianjin-port

In 2020, it is anticipated that 900 million tons of containers will have passed through this port. Since 2015, though, there has been a change in the buzz surrounding this port. The storage of certain chemicals in tanks exploded, starting a massive fire that resulted in the deaths of several dozen people, as well as damage to and a slowdown in the operation of this port.

port-of-shanghai

 

 

The port of Shanghai:

More than one billion tons (36540 containers) passed through the port of Shanghai in 2020, no wonder for the port of the most important city in China.

 

Tangshan Port:tangshan-port

This industrial port handled 820 million tons of containers in 2019. The fifth-largest port in the world is Tangshan Port! It serves as the region of Hebei's biggest port.

 

 

 

Port of Guangzhou:port-of-guangzhou

750 million tons of containers will pass through the port of Guangzhou in 2020. Guangzhou, which is located in the southeast's Guangdong region and is also known as Canton in Chinese, is one of the country's most important cities.

Port of Qingdao:port-of-qingao

680 million tons of containers were transported through the Qingdao port in 2020. It is China's fourth-largest port and primarily serves Korea. It is located in the country's northeast.

 

 

Dalian Port:Dalian-port

2019 saw a total of 520 million tons of containers moved through this port. Province of Liaoning is where the port is located.

 

Transit time between Malaysian and Chinese ports

Below are the transit times (in days) from the most important Chinese ports to Malaysian ports:

transit time china malysia

 

DocShipper Alert : Please remember that the mention of these transport times is for informational purposes only. Please keep in mind that this is only the transport time and not the total processing time; to get a sense of the total, you would need to add up the times for delivery, collection, and customs clearance.If you require additional information, please contact one of our representatives by phone, or you can make things easy for yourself by requesting a free estimate immediately.

TOP 5 Shipping lines

Shipping by groupage or full container ?

When a container can't be fully loaded, LCL (Less Than Container Load) is used. Although there are many kinds of containers, the following qualities should be considered:

  • 20 feet container with a volume capacity of 33 m¬≥.
  • 40 feet container with a volume capacity of 67 m¬≥.
  • 40 feet HQ container with a volume capacity of 76 m¬≥

LCL shipments are typically made when shippers have cargo volumes that are less than 13/14 m3. Even if you don't fill it, using an FCL is unquestionably preferable and more cost-effective if you have more than 15 m3.

 

Special maritime transport between China and Malaysia

Reefer container

These containers are specifically designed for carrying perishable goods or chemicals in a temperature-controlled environment. They are obtainable in a wide variety of dimensions and emphasise the latest technology for adjusting the atmosphere, temperature or humidity level.

Ro Ro

Ro-Ro  which means "to roll, to roll", are ships intended to transport cargo on wheels, such as cars, trucks, semi-trailers, trailers or railroad cars, which are driven or towed on their wheels when entering and exiting the vessel.

Why use Ro Ro sea shipping from China?

The safest, most economical way to handle and transport oversized or special project cargo.
Freight are often transported in one piece using specific trailers from the port of origin to the destination.
Less physical handling, no exposure to water or bad weather as the cargo is always stowed in the parking decks of the ro-ro container during the entire journey.

Bulk

Bulk cargo is conveyed directly to the ship's hold. A distinction is thus made onboard between bulk cargo and general cargo. Solid and liquid bulk products: (such as coal, minerals, petroleum, cement, etc.). Each sort of cargo has its own ship like  charcoal burners . Bulk carriers are what they're called.

OOG

"Enormous or oversized" is what OOG (Out of Gauge) cargoes signify. Open Top Containers (open-top) and Flat Rack Containers are two types of OOG containers (flat bottom).

  • The open-top container is being used to carry large and/or bulky final goods¬†that require the use¬†overhead crane to handle and load.
  • The flat bottom container is designed to transport things that are heavy, bulky, or large and/or width. For objects that are excessively long, broad, lofty, or heavy.

This sort of equipment is very useful for products that aren't on the scale of the shipment yet can't fit into ordinary containers. This saves time while loading and unloading while also ensuring cargo safety.

How much is ocean freight between China and Malaysia ?

The most crucial thing to know when calculating freight is the weight and volume of your products. Indeed, transportation price is always determined by the weight over volume ratio.

The weight / volume ratio:  "1 ton = 1 m3"

  • In conventional transport and groupage, the basic freight is computed using the weight/volume ratio rule and the 1 ton = 1 m3. The tariff is set in chargeable unit (PU), which is equal to the mass stated in tonnes or the volume stated in cubic meters. So we use the highest value.
  • The price of freight in a full container is a predetermined rate per container that is determined by the type of container used and the shipping firms who offer it.

Tariff surcharges

Maritime tariff surcharges are costs that carriers collect in addition to the base tariff and are based on the circumstances.

BAF : Bunker Adjustment Factor
This tariff fee is a percentage based on freight that corresponds to variations in crude oil prices. Following the first oil shock in 1973, shipping firms began to use it. Since then, it has maintained on the agenda.

CAF : Currency Adjustment Factor
This tariff fee is also a percentage that is applied to it based on freight + BAF and correlates to dollar rate changes. Because the great majority of ocean freight rates are determined in US dollars, corporations use this fee to hedge against currency risks.

THC : Terminal Handling Charge
THC stands for terminal handling charges. In the situation of a container (price per container), the value can be constant, but in the event of groupage, the amount can be changeable (price per number of tonnes or m3).

ORC : Origin Receipt Charge
Only Chinese ports are exposed to this fee. It allows for the very fast growth of Chinese ports to be financed.

Port Congestion
When a ship arrives at a congested port, it may have to wait many days before it can unload its cargo. As a result, the firms impose a fee to compensate for this "revenue loss."

Demurrage

When the loading and/or unloading time exceeds the period specified in the trip contract, the charterer is required to pay demurrage to the shipowner. In¬†the case of a strike or port congestion, for example, whether this overrun is dependent on his will. By extrapolation, shipping firms term ‚Äúdemurrage‚ÄĚ the cost of renting a container while it is parked in a port in containerized marine trade.

 

DocShipper Advice : As you can see, there are a variety of elements that influence delivery costs. Fill out our online form to speak with one of our experts right now. For more information about this kind of transportation, see our website devoted to marine freight: Sea freight

Air freight from China to Malaysia

Classic or express air freight

air freight

Although 90% of items are carried by sea, there are times when importers need to transfer high-value, seasonal commodities, clothing, gadgets, and/or products to Malaysia swiftly and reliably. They utilize air freight since they are more delicate and have a higher danger of degradation at sea. It will just take a few days for your goods to travel from a place in China to your target in Malaysia using this approach.

Air transport has two options:

classic and express air freight

It's critical to distinguish between the two, both in terms of pricing and service:

  • Air China, Qatar Airways,Emirates utilize the capacity available for commercial flights on normal routes for conventional air freight.
  • DHL, FedEx, TNT, UPS, and other ‚Äúcourier firms‚ÄĚ that provide door-to-door solutions operate express air freight.

Your item may be hand-delivered anywhere in the globe within a week using rapid courier services. There is no need to manually approve low-value goods because this is an "all-inclusive" service. Furthermore, shipping costs for tiny amounts less than 1m3 may be reduced, making it even more cost-effective than LCL sea shipping.

 

 

 

What are the advantages of air transport?

1. The fastest shipping method
Without a question, air freight is a superior option than ocean freight or rail transport when your items need to be moved swiftly. Especially in certain circumstances, in a speciality firm, obtaining your product on time may be a huge benefit.

2. Very reliable arrival and departure times
Airlines are notorious for being well ahead of schedule, thus flight arrival and departure timings are quite trustworthy. Even missing a flight wouldn't create much of a delay because planes are generally scheduled every hour.

3. Send your freight almost anywhere
Many airlines provide a vast network of locations that spans nearly the whole globe. As a result, you may transfer your package to nearly any location.

4. A low insurance premium saves a lot of money
The insurance price is reduced since air freight transportation takes such a short period. Even though air freight is costly, it saves money in the long run due to cheaper insurance expenses.

5. A high level of security and a reduced risk of theft and damage
Air transportation has the benefit of providing a high level of security; severe procedures at airport gates limit cargo from any possible robbery.

6. Less need for storage and fewer items in stock
Because of the shorter travel periods of shipments by air, you may transport in few amounts and more frequently, eliminating the need for a big storage place.

7. Less packaging needed
Air shipments, for example, often demand a lighter weight packing than ocean ones. This means you'll save both time and cash by skipping the use of a packaging provider.

8. The follow-up
Many organizations, including couriers, have an app that enables you to follow the current situation of your package from leaving to arrival.

How to calculate the volumetric weight of your shipment?

The air equivalency rule allows a weight-to-volume ratio of 1 to 6 (1 ton for 6 m3) for conventional freight, and a tax on the gross weight for a ratio less than or equal to 1 to 6. To get the volumetric weight used as a price basis, we divide the actual volume by 6. The rule for express freight is 1 to 5.

  • Classic air freight : 1 m¬≥ = 167 Kgs (1 for 6)
  • Express air freight : 1 m¬≥ = 200 kgs (1 for 5)

Customs clearance in Malaysia for goods imported from China

The customs clearance is an important and compulsory step which consists in importing a foreign product on the national soil. This procedure is mandatory and necessary.
The customs clearance must be carried out at the time of the importation and the exportation.
For imports, it is almost always the payment of customs duties and VAT. For products that are subject to specific regulations such as standards, sanitary or phytosanitary procedures, compliance with these regulations can be verified.
In most cases, import clearance consists of the payment of duties and VAT. For products subject to specific regulations such as standards, sanitary or phytosanitary procedures, compliance with these regulations can be verified. For exports, customs clearance is exempt from VAT in most cases. As for imports.

 

Customs procedure

The following is a list of the steps involved in customs clearance:

Step 1: Examine the documents.

All of the aforementioned documents start to make sense at this point. All the papers will be examined by a customs officer, who will start the customs clearance procedure if they are found to be in order.

Step 2: Calculating taxes and duties

As they are in charge of paying taxes and import duties, it would be best if you had the assistance of your customs broker in this situation. These taxes are determined by:

  • Kind of goods in your shipment
  • Their declared value
  • The customs regulations of the country you are shipping to
  • The mode of shipping
  • The shipping terms you selected.

Step 3: Selecting an Incoterm and paying Taxes and Duties

Either a DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) or a DDP are options (Delivered Duty Paid). Which incoterms apply to your shipment will be verified by customs officials. Your shipment will be marked as DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) if you have made a payment, which indicates that your customs broker has already paid all applicable taxes and import duties.

Your shipment will be marked DDU if you have not paid these taxes and duties (Delivered Duty Unpaid). If so, the customs officer will transfer the cargo to a separate customs broker so that they can process it and gather the payments. There will be additional costs in this situation for things like inspection, storage, handling, insurance, and disbursement.

Step 4: Release of shipment.

The shipment is released by customs, and it travels to its destination after all unpaid taxes and duties are paid.

Determine the customs classification of your product

When you've determined that the products may be imported, you'll need to figure out what tariff classification number they belong to. These figures, along with the products' nation of origin, are used to calculate the rate of customs duty you'll have to pay.

Determine the "HS code" or the tariff species of the goods.

The HS code of a product is very important, to define the customs treatment.

More than 95 percent of global trade is covered by the Harmonized System (HS Code), which is utilized by 207 nations. For the nations who adopt it, each kind of item or merchandise moved internationally is allocated a number, which enables to compare the trade flows.

The composition of an HS Code

composition of an HS Code

 

how to know the HS of a product in Malaysia ?

   HS explorer

how to find the HS code

if you choose The type of pricing in relation to China and that we search for apple in item description this is what will be displayed :   

 

Find the HS tarif

 

 

Does Docshipper charge customs duties?

From product sourcing to customs clearance and delivery of the goods to your door, Docshipper offers a range of services.
Yes, given that we have agents all over the world, we provide customs clearance services with any sea freight.

Customs procedure and contact

 

Difference-Between-a-Freight-Forwarder-and-a-Customs-Broker

General Import and Export Documents Required for Malaysia

Malaysian custom officials will require the following documents when bringing in goods from China:

  • Customs Export or Import Declaration
  • Certificate of Origin ‚Äď China
  • Bill of Lading
  • Packing List
  • Commercial Invoice
  • Letter of credit (if used)
  • Proof of fare payment

Apart from these documents, you need to fill up Customs Form No. 1. This is a declaration form stating the following information:

  • Type of goods
  • Country of origin
  • Weight
  • Quantity of goods
  • Description of crates or packages
  • Number of crates or packages
  • The overall assessed value of goods

Other logistics services

whare housing services

 

packaging service

 

Transport insurance

 

sourcing services

 

3PL services

 

Shippement services

 

DocShipper Advise : We help you with the entire sourcing process so don't hesitate to contact us if you have any questions!

  • Having trouble finding the appropriate product?¬†Enjoy our¬†sourcing services, we directly find the right suppliers for you!
  • You don't trust your supplier?¬†Ask our experts to do¬†quality control¬†to guarantee the condition of your goods!
  • Do you need help with the logistics?¬†Our¬†international freight department¬†supports you with door to door services!
  • You don't want to handle distribution?¬†Our¬†3PL department¬†will handle the storage, order fulfillment, and last-mile delivery!

DocShipper info: Do you like our article today? For your business interest, you may like the following useful articles :

 

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