It is important to understand how important manufacturing is in China, because there are extremely competitive prices and occasionally exclusive items, not to mention the fact that the sellers are used to this whole thing. Sadly, the information you'll need to participate in this transit procedure is dispersed. As a result, we've written this post to help you learn more about China transportation in Belgium.
Enjoy reading with DocShipper!
Sea freight from China to Belgium
- If your entire volume is greater than or equal to 2 cubic meters, choose the sea freight
- You want to save money rather than time
Note DocShipper : Our team of specialists would be delighted to help you with your strategy or respond to any questions you may have. All you have to do is fill out our online form to get in touch with us.
Overview - Trade relations between China and Belgium
In Asia, China is Belgium's major commercial partner. In 2019, total commerce between Belgium and China reached 20.2 billion euros.
Belgium's products exports to China reached 7.22 billion euros in 2019. Belgium purchased products worth a total of 13 billion euros from China.
The exports of Belgium to China have risen sharply in the last three years, with ocean commerce nearly doubling. Chemicals, transportation equipment, basic metals, and plastics were among Belgium's exports to China in 2013. Tools and equipment, textiles, and metal products are among the items that Belgium buys from China.
In the European Union, Belgium is China's sixth-largest commercial relationship. In 2019, the total value of products traded between China and the EU was €428 billion. China's biggest trading partner is the European Union.
In Belgium, there are three main national ports:
- Port of Antwerp
- Port of Ghent
- Port of Bruges-Zebrugge
The main shipping seaports in Belgium
Port of Antwerp
The port of Antwerp It is located in Flanders (Belgium). It is a harbour in the centre of Europe that can accommodate capsize ships. After Rotterdam, it is Europe's second-largest seaport. Antwerp is situated at the mouth of the Scheldt estuary, which is tidal. Ships with a gross tonnage of more than 100,000 gross tons may navigate the estuary up to 80 kilometres inland. Antwerp's inland location, like Hamburg's, places it in a more central position in Europe than other North Seaports. Rail, road, and inland waterways link Antwerp's ports to the rest of the city.As a consequence, Antwerp's port has grown to be among Europe's busiest, second only to Rotterdam in terms of overall cargo carried. Its international rating varies between 11th and 20th.
Website : Port of Antwerp
Port of Ghent
It lies in the Flemish Region of Ghent, East Flanders. Ghent's initial port was on the Scheldt, and next on the Lys. Ghent has been trying to connect to the sea for a long time. And for now it is considered as the Belgium's second-busiest seaport. The port of Ghent can accommodate Panamax-sized ships, and in February 2015, Terneuzen declared the building of a new lock that will be nearly identical to those built as part of the Panama Canal extension project.
Website : Port of Ghent (Wikipedia)
Port of Bruges-Zeebruges
Zeebrugge (also known as Bruges Port or Bruges Seaport) is a significant North Sea for cargo, bulk freight, new cars, and passenger ships.The port handles about 50 million tons of cargo each year.
The port authority MBZ manages the port of Zeebrugge, which is a self-governing public business with the city of Bruges as the majority stakeholder.
Website :Port of Bruges-Zeebruges
* Other Belgian ports, even if they are less significant, can accept the goods like Blankenberge, Ostend, Nieuport, and Brussels.
Transport time between China and Belgium ports
The following table shows the average transit times between each destination's principal ports (in days):
It's worth noting that these times correspond to the amount of time the items will be at sea. As a result, customs clearance, shipping, and other time-consuming processes must be factored in.
What container can I choose for shipment between Morocco and China ?
Here are many ways of transportation that may be utilized depending on the size of your products:
- The 20'GP container, with a maximum capacity of 33m3
- The 40' GP container, with a maximum capacity of 67m3
- The 40' HC container, with a maximum capacity of 76m3
Let's do some further analysis by comparing the two modes of transportation.
LCL : Less than Container Load
Containers are used to carry out maritime freight operations. But, not everyone (particularly people) has the capacity to fill a complete container. As a result, you'll share the container with other clients to save money and obtain economies of scale.
When should I choose LCL ?
- Your volume is little, and you don't send in large quantities
- You want to combine numerous shipments and deliver the items at the same address.
- The excessive weight makes the air freight very expensive.
DocShipper tip: You can choose air freight if your items have a total volume of less than 2 CBM. It will typically be similar to maritime below this limit (unless the weight is really essential) while providing you with a pleasant wait.
FCL: Full Container Load
FCL stands for FULL CONTAINER LOAD, which implies that the container's area (20 feet = 33 CBM, 40 feet = 66 CBM) is utilized by only one client. As previously stated, this option is only available to those with a very huge quantity.
As a result, the bulk of our FCL customers are large removals and shipping activities.
If your volume is unlikely to reach 12 or 15 CBM, the matter will be irrelevant, and you will be referred to LCL.
DocShipper tip: Choose this option if the volume is higher than nearly half the container's capacity.
Advantages of LCL
- Only charging for volume that is occupied
- Any type of goods is possible.
- If you're looking for a low-cost solution for a modest volume
Disadvantages of LCL
- Transit time is crucial.
- Pallets must be placed.
- A lot of maintenance.
Advantages of FCL
- From departure until arrival, the container is locked.
- On the container, there is very little interference.
- 12CBM offers financial benefits.
Disadvantages of FCL
- Transport time
Special transports between China and Belgium
A refrigerated container is a secured container that is used to carry temperature-sensitive items. The container's functioning necessitates the use of an external power supply. The energy generated by the ship's G.D. units is used to power the reefer containers as they are transported into the ships.
RORO shipping is a common method of transporting products between nations. Japanese automobile producers came up with the notion of utilizing specialized ships nicknamed "vehicle carriers" to rapidly and effectively carry their vehicles to the United States and Europe.
For two reasons, RoRo transport is primarily utilized for vehicle transportation: affordability and efficiency. The automobiles are secured to the ship's decks. They are well protected in the boat's hold, which is protected from the wind and water.
Bulk is loaded into the ship's hold. This sort of cargo is not like the others. There's a distinction to be made between liquid and solid mass. This equals to a significant amount, particularly from nations with rich natural resources.
Out Of Gauge (OOG)
Out-of-gauge freight needs particular handling. As you can see, certain things have a volume that is more than the average during transit. Solutions must be given in this instance.
If your cargo is unusually voluminous, send us a request so that we can provide an appropriate solution.
How much does sea freight between China and Belgium cost?
There is a critical step you must do if you want to know the cost of your shipment: Know how much your items weigh and how much space they take up. The tariff will, in reality, be founded on these criteria.
The weight/volume ratio is "1 ton = 1 m3" according to the equivalence rule.
- The basic freight in conventional and groupage transportation is computed using the weight/volume ratio and the 1 ton = 1 m3 concept. The tariff is calculated in payment units (PU), which are equal to either the mass in tons or the volume in cubic meters, and is always to the ship's benefit. As a result, the highest value is utilized.
- The shipping company and the kind of container will have an impact on the pricing of a full container. The latter isn't clearly defined.
Sea freight and the numerous factors that surround it isn't easy to understand. Once you've completed the online form, one of our professionals will be glad to assist you. For a more comprehensive view on the subject, please click on the following link: Sea freight
Air freight between China and Belgium
DocShipper Tips: if Your volume is under 2 CBM and You are pressed for time, choose air freight.
The different types of air freight
Sea freight accounts for 90% of all exports. Some experts, on the other hand, prefer air freight. When the products are too delicate for shipping. Furthermore, when the cargo does not have a big volume, the price might be comparable to that of shipping by sea while maintaining a reasonable transit time. Your goods can arrive to Belgium in a few days if it is sent from China.
- Goods transported by conventional air cargo are carried on scheduled commercial flights of airlines such as Air China, Air Belgium, Qatar Airways, Emirates...
- The air freight express will be handled by door-to-door "courier firms" such as DHL, FedEx, TNT, UPS, and others.
The express service allows the delivery of goods in the shortest possible time. Regardless of their destination, they can be delivered by hand.
This service is an "all-inclusive" solution, which means that the buyer does not need to clear low value shipments through customs himself. The cost of this type of transport is very competitive, especially for goods with a volume of less than 1m3.
Main Chinese airports
- PEK – Beijing Capital International Airport
- CAN – Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
- PVG – Shanghai Pudong International Airport
- SHA – Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
- CTU – Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
- SZX – Shenzhen Baoan International Airport
- KMG – Kunming Changshui International Airport
- XIY – Xi’an Xianyang International Airport
- HKG – Hong Kong International Airport
Why do we choose air transport?
1. The speed
The primary advantage, as you can see, is the travel time. As a result, compared to rail freight (which isn't accessible everywhere) or sea freight (which isn't available everywhere), air freight is a better option (often about thirty days).
2. Schedule reliability
It's crucial to understand that aircraft are far more timely than ships. It's also reasonable, given that aircraft depart every hour for the same location. Aside from that, missing one isn't a tragedy.
3. Multiple destinations
Thanks to the major networks of suppliers, such as airlines, you may have your items transported to any part of the globe.
4. Low insurance premium
it is quick and the cost of insurance is proportional to the time required. However, the procedure will be more costly, so you must do your own estimates.
5. High level of security
Air travel has the benefit of providing a high level of security, with severe checks at airport gates decreasing the risk of cargo theft.
6. The need for storage and low storage
Because the amounts of air freight are lower, storage is easier and cheaper. Furthermore, because the shipment does not demand as many personnel and time resources, customs inspection and handling are much more effective procedures.
7. The need for low packaging
The weight of the package for air freight will be reduced. As a result (packing service + decreased weight), will save cash.
8. The follow-up
When a shipper uses airfreight, most delivery companies offer a tracking service. From the time the products leave until they arrive, an application may be used to track them.
DocShipper can help you choose the best air freight service !
How much does it cost to ship merchandise from China to Belgium via air?
The taxable weight is calculated by multiplying the weight-to-volume ratio by the price per kilo. The ultimate pricing will be determined by this.
The IATA charge, which is in theory required, can be reduced based on volume. It is a degressive tariff based on weight brackets that varies depending on the country of origin. When the cargo has a small volume and weight, the minimal rate applies.
There is a difference between the so-called gross weight (measured when the products are weighed) and the volumetric weight (measured when the dimensions are taken into account). The more important of the two values will be used to determine a price.
What is volumetric weight?
- In the case of express air freight, the equivalency rule is as follows: 1 ton per 5 m3, corresponding to a 1 to 5 weight volume ratios. For example, 1 m3 is equivalent to 200 kilograms, or 1 for 5.
1 m³ = 200 kg (1/5)
- The rule for conventional freight is as follows: 1 ton for 6m3, or a 1-for-6 weight/volume ratio, plus a gross weight fee for a ratio of 1-for-6 or less. The actual volume is divided by 6 to get a volumetric weight that is used as a foundation for pricing. For instance, 1 m3 is equal to 167 kg, or 1/6 of a ton.
1 m³ = 167 Kg (1/6)
if you need the products by a certain date, air freight is the way to go. Furthermore, unless under extreme circumstances, it is frequently a comparable, if not cheaper, choice to sea freight below 2 CBM. Fill out our online form and we'll work together to find the best answer.
Rail freight from China to Belgium
DocShipper Tips : You have to choose rail freight when:
- There is a high volume of products
- Transit time is more beneficial
Note DocShipper : In case you have some doubts or questions about this subject, we are here to answer you and to make things clear for you as fast as possible. To contact us, all you have to do is complete out our online form.
Transport by train from China to Belgium
Since 2013, China has strengthened its rail capacity, allowing it to quickly export to major European centres (including France and Belgium). This solution is particularly beneficial for professionals, importers, and exporters, as it is the ideal common way. Sea freight takes a lot of time, while air freight is frequently ignored due to its cost. Another area where China has a complete understanding!
Rail freight shipments to Europe have nearly doubled by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). For the world and Chinese economies, this is a gold mine.
The Yiwu-Madrid railway line, sometimes known as the "New Silk Road," connects China, Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, France, and Spain, and is the world's longest freight train line. Trans-Eurasia Logistics manages the operation.
How long does it take to travel by train from China?
Clearly, there is no universal truth. The majority of the time, though, we notice a 20 to 30 day delay, and it's depends on the customs complications as an example.
Rail freight is available in 22 Chinese provinces, and two lines are now in use:
- The Trans-Eurasia, which is the most well-known. As previously said, it is a pretty comprehensive line.
- Exports to Chinese cities in the far northeast are facilitated by the Trans-Siberian Railway.
China boasts the world's biggest rail network. This enables for a full interchange with providers, who may offer train services all over the world. Yiwu, in the eastern province of Zhejiang, is also home to the Trans-departure Eurasia's terminus. This enhances its worldwide market popularity and efficiency.
As a result, a supplier from Shenzhen, Shanghai, or Xiamen may simply have his items shipped to Yiwu, where they will be transported to European destinations, particularly Belgium.
The train's delay is almost twice as long as the boat's!
The benefits of rail freight between China and Belgium
Rail freight is highly fascinating in China, which is why it is changing and advancing in this manner. When compared to sea and air freight, it is predicted that the transit time and cost will be cut by two. Companies that formerly held monopolies in terms of import/export must now deal with the train.
- Less time, more safety, and lower danger.
- Every day, numerous trains depart.
- Because of its storage capacity, it can handle a huge volume per client.
- The deadline is dependable, and there are fewer surprises.
- Less pollution
- Specific items that need a special container can be transported.
Door-to-door service between China and Belgium
Door to door service, which we provide to our customers on a daily basis, is highly valued. In fact, we handle the entire procedure. From packaging to loading, palletization, customs processes, import/export loads, and delivery (unpacking and unloading if necessary also). In dozens of nations, we perform weekly door-to-door visits.
Our partners, whether in China or elsewhere, are well-established companies with whom we have worked for many years. This is a chance to save money and time.
DocShipper specializes in door-to-door delivery. Let us handle all of your logistics needs, including packaging, storage, loading/unloading, customs clearance, international freight, trucking, and so forth.
What are the benefits of door-to-door service?
DocShipper is a complete service provider. We manage all of your shipments, whether they are shipped by sea or air freight, LCL or FCL, conventional or express, in order to simplify your procedures.
We'll walk you through the process and give attention to every detail, keeping you updated on our progress.
A professional team
Since the beginning, we've paid close attention to detail at DocShipper. Our team is available to assist you at any time. The departure date, arrival date, and customs clearance will all be sent to you. If a problem arises, we will work to resolve it.
Security of goods
One of our top concerns is the protection of your products. Our experts arrive to precisely bundle your items in professional, custom-made packaging.
Customs clearance for goods imported
This section explains the customs processes that must be followed when importing Chinese goods into Belgium. This crucial procedure affects not just Belgium, but also France and the European Union's territory in general.
As a result, all EU member nations, including Belgium, have the same rules. As a result, the importer will be responsible for paying import duties and taxes. Whatever the place of origin, products arriving in Belgium will be subject to a proportion of taxes (which may vary based on the kind of commodities, among other factors) that the importer will be responsible for paying.
The concept of a national customs area exists only for the purposes of enforcing specific rules, such as the collection of internal taxes like petrol or indirect charges tobacco, for example, in Belgium.
The payment of duties and taxes, is the essence of the customs procedure, thus it is an important concept to comprehend. As a result, we'll walk you through the procedure step by step.
The customs value
Importing items from third countries into Belgium, which is part of the European Union, results in an importer's charge, which is reflected in import taxes. The amount of these import taxes will be determined by the value of the products and the percentage that applies to them.
The customs value
It equals the cost of the products plus all additional transportation charges to the European Union border. The CIF value stands to cost, insurance, and freight. It is the actual value of the products, what they would have cost you before they arrived at European soil in this example (Belgium).
The import taxes will be determined by the customs value
Statistical or customs value
The statistical value, relates to the merchandise's worth plus all transportation expenses, but only upon arrival into France. When goods enter Belgian and European territory through the same port, it frequently corresponds with the customs value at the Union's border.
If the products landed in another state first, such as France, the expenditures of bringing the cargo into Belgian territory must be paid for.
The tax value
The principal instrument for collecting VAT on Belgian soil is the price of first target, frequently referred to as the value of foreign commerce.
The following is the VAT payable amount:
- Except for VAT, taxes, fees, levies, and other costs
- Incidental expenses borne from the first point of delivery of the products in Belgium, like packing, storage, transportation, and insurance.
What are the duties and taxes?
The European Union's member countries are subject to a comparable customs duty. However, some contracts ask for customs taxes to be reduced or eliminated in order to stimulate commerce. In addition, for the items to clear customs, the buyer will have to pay customs charges. These payments will be paid to the EU automatically.
Anti-dumping tariffs exist only to safeguard the local industry. As a result, more competitive foreign products are unable to reach the market in large quantities, placing the domestic sector at a serious disadvantage.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) imposes tariffs to account for the disparity between global and Union prices. These taxes are levied on some agricultural goods imported at extremely cheap costs from outside the country.
There are some items known as excisable commodities like :
- Fuel and oil
The value added tax (VAT) is a rate determined by national tax laws that authorizes the discharge of goods. Any customs and taxes, and all incidental costs paid in delivering the products to the designated place of delivery in the shipping contract, and in the centre of the nation, are included in the VAT base.
Are you interested in starting an import or export business from China to Belgium? Our knowledgeable advisers are available to respond any queries you may have. You may use our online form to submit your information.
How to calculate customs duties and taxes?
To avoid unpleasant surprises, you must be aware of the rate of customs charges and also the different taxes that may be imposed on the items you intend to import.
Determine the products' "HS code" or tariff species
The three pillars that will lead the amount to be paid for customs clearance are the origin, customs value, and lastly the HS code.
Over 95 percent of global trade is covered by the Harmonized System (HS Code), which is adopted by 207 nations. For the nations that adopt it, the system gives a single, systematic classification. Each item has its own unique code.
An HS code is made up of the following components
How to find the HS Code?
Your provider should be able to supply it in most cases. If they can't, they aren't well-versed in the subject. Nevertheless, it is considered as always the best option.
You may also go to the site listed below and enter the term HS CODE.
Calculating customs duties with the HS Code
After you've obtained the HS code, you'll need to determine how much you'll have to charge to import your items.
You must visit the Belgian Customs website and enter the Customs TARIC system.
Fill in the blanks with the following information:
- The HS Code of the product ("080430")
- The origin of the products ("China - CN")
Then, access this page, hit "Retrieve measures"
Interpretation of the data : The customs taxes on pineapples imported from China are 5.8% of the CIF value. Remember to include the Belgium VAT.
Does Docshipper charge customs duties?
Docshipper does not make a profit on customs taxes. Because we act as a middleman and pay customs directly. DocShipper does not collect taxes; instead, the government collects them. We provide you with all official documents to ensure complete clarity.
Procedure and customs contact
Bill of Lading
The carrier will issue a bill of lading to the shipper, confirming that the products have been received and are prepared for transit. Following that, the package is handed over to the carrier, who then delivers it to the consignee. It is a contract that outlines the terms and circumstances of transportation between the shipper, the provider, and the receiver. This document's air freight equivalent is called an "Air Waybill".
The packing list details the characteristics of the cargo, such as the kind of goods, amount, packaging, and estimated value. This document is needed for all shipments since it aids customs inspectors in cost estimation.
The original invoice will be necessary whether the shipment originates in China or arrives in Belgium. It has to be in agreement with the packing list.
Certificate of Origin
The purpose of this document is to determine the origin of the objects. The origin certificate confirms where the products were made. Once you've cleared customs, you'll be able to benefit from the taxes that apply to your products or their origin.
Documents of conformity (CE standard)
A certificate of conformity must accompany an item that is marketed within Europe. The user understands that the product complies with the EEA's environmental, safety, and health standards (European Economic Area). Nevertheless, don't mistake conformity with reliability or quality.
Economic Operator Registration Identification
Restricted and prohibited products
Some items are subject to limitations or outright prohibitions. You will require import licences and permissions in the first scenario, which we will give. Let's have a look at the goods in question:
- Livestock feed
- Chemical products
- Pharmaceutical products
- Food supplements
- Agricultural products
- Alcohol & Tobacco
Are any of the goods on this page interesting to you? Do not hesitate to ask us, we will advise you on how to start.
Are there any agreements between China and Belgium?
Because of the possibilities for commerce, Belgium is looking for stronger economic relations with China and hopes to establish a free trade deal.
According to the Foreign Trade Association, China is considered as a potential supply market for European businesses and this organization is making an effort to reach an agreement for future trade.
In addition, the creation and usage of the"New Silk Road" provides value and indicates a strong desire to expand commercial and social ties and exchanges.
Other logistics services
Warehousing and storage
In China, we have warehouses that are close by and in strategic locations. As a consequence, we provide a cost-effective storage solution. In addition, if you need to combine orders from various suppliers in the same country, we'll combine them into a single order for you.
For more information about our warehousing services, do not hesitate to visit our page!
Packaging and repackaging
To ensure the safety of your items, packing and repackaging are two steps that must be done. It's a result of some Chinese suppliers neglecting to box their goods and refusing to finish the job. Depending on the kind of product, you can use cardboard, pallets, crates, bubble wrap, sticky tape, and other materials.
For more information about our packing services, do not hesitate to visit our page!
The formula for calculating transportation insurance is as follows: premium rate x declared amount
The cost of insurance changes depending on the mode of shipping, the nature of the products, and the insurer. You are able to It is necessary to raise the reported value up to 20% to compensate, in addition to the products, any damage that may have occurred. The policyholder states the worth of the products as well as the costs of major transportation. It is consequently pretty straightforward to do these calculations when you have the premium rate.
For more information about our insurance services, do not hesitate to visit our page!
Supplier Management in China
We know how hard it is to connect with Chinese suppliers, whether that's because they are tough to reach or because communication problems exist. Getting out to them and discussing pricing is the responsibility of our sourcing agents. They'll walk you through the import zone's essential compliance paperwork, among other things. We'll inspect the packaging for quality and, if required, repackage it.
We have the advantage that our team can communicate with English, Mandarin and French.
Packing, ordering and labelling : As the third step of the supply cycle, we will receive your imported goods from China, evaluate their quality, store them in the storehouse, monitor your stock, and organize your order, completing the sourcing and shipping services.
Delivery of your goods to the last mile : Last mile delivery (LMD) ensures the delivery of B2C and e-commerce transactions made on our site.
For more information about our 3PL Services, don't hesitate to visit our page!
Shipment of personal effects
DocShipper's door-to-door service covers product packaging and unpacking, as well as other services such as safe shipment and customs clearance by our experienced teams.
For more information about our moving services, do not hesitate to visit our page!
We have built a strong network of partners as a result of our vast experience in Asia, allowing us to manage a wide range of shipments from China and provide tailored solutions. Please call us and chat with one of our representatives, who are available at all times.
FAQ |Freight between China and Belgium
What will be the cheapest way to transport my goods between China and Belgium?
It all relies on the volume of your items, or the weight/volume ratio. Air freight is as cost-effective as ocean freight below 2 CBM. Above that, it gets exorbitantly expensive. Then it's a question of your time constraints and departure/arrival dates, since rail freight might also be a suitable in-between alternative.
What information do we require from you in order to provide you with a rapid quote?
Certain information is required, while some are optional; nevertheless, the more data we have, the more accurate our quote will be. Please provide us with the weight, measurements, and photographs of your products. To speed up the quotation process, the arrivals and departures addresses, as well as the packing list, are required.
Can I consolidate my shipments from several different suppliers?
We've been processing all kinds of requests for years, and we've become better at it. We'll be able to arrange your items in a warehouse while avoiding as much storage as possible, resulting in lower expenses. However, because groupage is a sensitive process, it is advisable to contact us and share your project with us.
How long will it take to get a transportation quote?
Shipping your goods between China and Belgium may be done in a variety of ways. For express (DHL, TNT, FedEx, etc.) deliveries, allow less than a week. Count on 7 to 9 days for traditional air freight. It might take up to 35 days for ocean freight to arrive. Rail freight will take 20 to 25 days to reach its destination.
What makes DocShipper special?
As you can see, our understanding of the logistics sector has led us to provide all-in-one solutions to our customers, including door-to-door delivery and supply chain management on a bigger scale. Our sourcing department looks for a source before our shipping department handles the transportation. Finally, with our 3PL department, let us handle the delivery of your items.
DocShipper China | Approvisionnement - Contrôle qualité - Logistique
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